CSVR | CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF VIOLENCE AND RECONCILIATION
Since 1991, following the ousting of Somalia’s socialist authoritarian leader Siad Barre, the country has been in a persistent state of conflict. Despite international and local efforts to restore stability, numerous attempts to establish a centralized government have not met with full success. Throughout the conflict, Somalis have suffered human rights abuses at the hands...
The Parties agreed that interactive coordination among the organs of the state should be based fully on the total respect of the principles and norms of the Transitional Federal Charter, in a manner characterised by constant consultations and respect to the constitutional separation of powers. The Parties agreed that the Transitional Federal Parliament should be...
The Parties to the Kampala Accord recognised the Transitional Federal Charter as the basis of legitimacy of all Transitional Federal Institutions. The Parties agreed to defer the election of the President and the Speaker and his/her deputies by 12 months in order to adequately prepare and complete priority transitional tasks. The Parties agreed that within...
The Parties agreed to strengthen the unity and sovereignty of the Somali State. The Transitional Federal Government recognised Puntland as part of the Somali Republic, with a functioning administration and as spearheading the federal system of administration in Somalia. The Parties further agreed to speed up the drafting of the Federal Constitution and to nominate...
The Parties agreed to establish a unified administration for South West Somalia. The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) would ensure fair representation of all constituencies in the Interim South West Administration. The FGS would also ensure that the state-building process will be conducted through peaceful means, and would consult with community elders and other local...
The Parties agreed to convene a National Reconciliation Conference (NRC) in 1998, with the purpose to elect a Presidential Council and a Prime Minister and to adopt a Transitional Charter. They agreed that a joint security force will be established for this purpose. The Parties agreed on the number and constitution of the delegates to...
The Parties agreed to establish an inclusive regional administration for the Galgadud and Mudug regions, and to include the Somali clans that live together in Mudug and Galgadud regions in the formation of the administration. The administration that would be formed, while representing all the clans that reside in those two regions, would work in...
The Parties agreed to create federal governance structures for Somalia, embodied in a Charter or Constitution, which are inclusive, representative and accepted by all Parties. The Parties endorsed the principle of decentralisation, and agreed to ensure the rights, representation and protection of all Somali individuals and groups. The Parties agreed to use only peaceful means...
The Parties to the Roadmap identified four priority areas to ending the Transition, namely Security, Constitution, Reconciliation and Good Governance. The Parties identified the principles for the implementation of the areas, including Somali ownership, inclusivity and participation, resources and monitoring and compliance. The Parties agreed to establish a Technical Committee to facilitate cooperation and coordination...
The Parties to the Joint Communiqué adopted four protocols: Protocol on the Technical Selection Committee; Protocol Establishing the Technical Facilitation Committee; Protocol Establishing the National Constituent Assembly; and Protocol Establishing a new Somali Federal Parliament. The Parties adopted the revised draft Provisional Constitution as the official draft. The Parties agreed that before the draft is...
The Parties to the General Agreement agreed to the convening of a National Reconciliation Conference, the establishment of further mechanisms for the continuation of free dialogue amongst all political factions and leaders in preparation of the Conference, the immediate cessation of all hostile propaganda against each other and the creation of an atmosphere conducive to...
The Parties adopted and enacted the Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic as the supreme law binding all authorities and persons. The Charter would be interpreted in a manner that promotes national reconciliation, unity and democratic values and the values of good governance and advances human dignity, integrity, rights and fundamental freedoms, and the...
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