Peace Agreements

Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic

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Parties: Delegates at the Somali National Reconciliation Conference, representing the people of the Somali Republic

Type: Intra-state

Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic

01 February 2004

The Parties adopted and enacted the Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic as the supreme law binding all authorities and persons. The Charter would be interpreted in a manner that promotes national reconciliation, unity and democratic values and the values of good governance and advances human dignity, integrity, rights and fundamental freedoms, and the Rule of Law. The Charter provided for national symbols, languages, religion and citizenship. The Charter provided for the establishment of the Transitional Federal Government, which would encourage the unity of the Somali people by promoting their cultures, customs and traditions. The Government would have the duties to draft the new Constitution through a Federal Constitution Commission, undertake a national census and promote and develop the state governments to ensure that the process of federating Somalia takes place in 2.5 years. The Transitional Federal Government would on the coming into force of this charter pass legislation ensuring equitable appropriation and allocation of resources in the country. The Charter further provided for protection of the fundamental rights and freedoms of the people, including civil and political and social and economic rights. If further set out the structure and organisation of the state, including parliament, the president, the executive, the judiciary and the security and defence forces. The Charter further included provisions on land policy and natural resource and environmental protection. The Charter also provided for independent commissions and administrative committees and arrangements for the transitional period.

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