Peace Agreements

Agreement between the Government of the DRC and the Government of Rwanda

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Democratic republic of congo

Parties: DRC; Rwanda

Type: Inter-state

Peace Agreement between the Governments of Rwanda and the DRC on the Withdrawal of the Rwandan Troops from the Territory of the DRC and the Dismantling of the Ex-FAR and Interahamwe Forces in the DRC

30 July 2002

Joint Communiqué on a Common Approach to Ending the Threat Posed to Peace and Stability in Both Countries and the Great Lakes Region (Nairobi Communiqué)

09 November 2007

In the 2002 Agreement, the Parties agreed to put in place a mechanism for the normalisation of the security situation along their common border. The Agreement further provided for repatriation of ex-FAR and Interahamwe forces.

In the Nairobi Communiqué, the Parties reiterated that the ex-FAR/Interahamwe constitute a major threat to peace and security of Rwanda, the DRC and the countries in the Great Lakes region in general, as well as to the Congolese population. The DRC committed to repatriate those who choose to return to Rwanda and to move those who do not wish to return to Rwanda and who are not wanted for genocide by Rwanda or the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) away from the border until their condition is normalised. Rwanda committed to sealing its borders and refraining from statements in support of armed groups in the DRC. The Parties Agreed to cooperate in bringing to justice those accused of having committed war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide and to ensuring that refugees are able to return home.