Peace Agreements

Peace Agreement between the Government of Senegal and MFDC

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Parties: Government of the Republic of Senegal; Movement of the Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC) Note: At least three factions of MFDC refused to sign the Agreement, including the Atika faction led by Abdoulaye Diedhiou, diaspora elements based in Paris and the so-called Northern Front

Type: Intra-state

Ziguinchor Peace Agreement between Government of Senegal and the Movement of the Democratic Forces of Casamance

30 December 2004

The Government, noting that the law of amnesty is already in force, engaged to provide general security and free circulation of people and goods, and to guarantee the exercise of fundamental freedoms, in particular freedom of speech and expression, in order to favour the political dialogue. In order to supervise the peace process and to settle disputes that might arise in a peaceful way, a Council of Surveillance of the Peace Agreement (CSAP) was created, composed of representatives from the State, MFCD, civil society and all resource organisations. The Parties agreed to establish an observation group responsible for demobilisation of the military wing of MFCD and stockpiling the arms, and MFCD committed to engage in DDR. Exceptionally, MFCD ex-combatants would be integrated into the paramilitary corps. Other demobilised MFCD combatants would be supported by the National Agency for the Stimulation of Economic and Social Activities in the Casamance (ANRAC) to establish a livelihood. The Parties encouraged the group of Casamance officials, village chiefs and religious leaders in the Casamance to develop dynamics of forgiveness and reconciliation, paving the way for the return and reintegration of MFDC ex-combatants in their native villages. The State committed to take all measures to facilitate the return of refugees and displaced persons, give necessary support in favour of their social reintegration and guarantee the reconstruction of the Casamance.

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