Peace Agreements

Inter-Togolese Dialogue: Lomé Framework Agreement

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Parties: Togolese People’s Rally (RPT); New Forces Convention (CFN); Action Committee for Renewal (CAR); Democratic Convention of African Peoples (CDPA); Party for Democracy and Renewal (PDR); Union des Forces du Change (UFC); Togolese Union for Democracy (UTD); Development Action Party (PAD); Democratic Party for Unity (PDU); Union for Democracy and Solidarity (UDS)

Type: Intra-state

Dialogue inter-togolais: Accord cadre de Lomé

29 July 1999

The Parties to the Dialogue expressed their commitment to the principles of democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights, development and security for all and their desire to engage Togo in the path of national reconciliation. The Parties agreed to create a climate of reciprocal trust, likely to promote national reconciliation, including through democratic functioning of Togolese institutions and respect for the Constitution. The Parties agreed to adopt legislation to codify the respective rights and duties of the opposition and of the majority and also agreed on the components of a code of good conduct to be respected by all actors in political life. The Parties agreed to adopt rules on funding of political parties, which was recognised as a necessity to ensure both the proper functioning of parties and equal opportunities in political life and particularly during electoral competitions. The Parties agreed that freedom of expression, including through public and private media, is an essential right and to that end agreed that the High Authority for Audiovisual and Communication (HAAC) must be restructured in order to reflect the diversity of views, effectively fulfil its regulatory role and ensure access for all to the media.

The President agreed to dissolve the National Assembly in line with constitutional provisions, to allow a new election and to allow the different political currents to be represented in the National Assembly. The Parties agreed that the regular and transparent conduct of the forthcoming legislative elections, the results of which must therefore be accepted by all, would constitute a decisive step in the consolidation of democracy and in the strengthening of national reconciliation. The Parties agreed to establish an Independent National Electoral Commission with functions to organise and settle disputes related to the national elections. The Parties agreed on the role of the National Army of protecting the security of citizens and with police and gendarmerie responsible for internal security. The Parties agreed that where there is a violation of a citizen’s rights, in particular due to acts of violence of a political nature, compensation for the victim must be effected through administrative or judicial channels. The Parties agreed that the return and resettlement of refugees and IDPs are essential to conclude the inter-Togolese Dialogue, and agreed to the continuation of the 1994 amnesty. The Parties called for dissolution of the militias, the dismantling of arms caches and the collection of arms illegally held by citizens. The Parties agreed to establish a Joint Monitoring Committee with political responsibility for the implementation of the Agreement.

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