Peace Agreements

Agreement between Ivorian Political Leaders

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Parties: President of the Republic of Cote d’lvoire; Prime Minister representing the Government of National Reconciliation; former President representing the Parti Democratique de Cote d‘Ivoire (PDCI); former Prime Minister representing the Rassamblement de Republicains (PDR); Minister of State Secretary General of the New Forces.

Type: Intra-state

Pretoria Agreement on the Peace Process in Côte d’Ivoire (Pretoria I)

06 April 2005

Declaration on the Implementation of the Pretoria Agreement on the Peace Process in the Côte d’Ivoire (Pretoria II)

29 June 2005

The Parties reaffirmed the sacred right of the Ivorian people to peace and development. They agreed to immediately proceed with the disarmament and dismantling of the militia throughout the country in a process to be led by the Prime Minister. The Parties agreed that the Chiefs of Staff of the National Armed Forces of the Cote d’lvoire (FANCI) and the Armed Forces of the New Forces (FAFN) would make recommendations for one army and its restructuring. It was further agreed that 600 individuals from the FAFN would be recruited and trained as gendarmerie and police to be integrated into the national forces. The Parties also agreed to make amendments to the composition, organisation and functioning of the Independent Electoral Commission, including that the United Nations would be invited to participate in its work towards ensuring free, fair and transparent elections. The Parties agreed that Ivorian Radio and Television (RTI) would be used to contribute to national unity and reconciliation. The Parties agreed that the need for national reconciliation would continue beyond the elections.

The Parties met in Pretoria again in June 2005 and in the subsequent Declaration reported on progress made in implementation. The Parties agreed that the disarmament process would have to be finalised before elections can be held and on a timeline for adoption of legislation on the Independent Electoral Commission and its operationalisation.

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