Parties: Government of Chad; Armed Forces of the North (Forces Armees du Nord–FAN); Front for the National Liberation of Chad (Front pour la Liberation Nationale du Tchad–FROLINAT); Popular Movement for the Liberation of Chad (Mouvement Populaire de la Liberation du Tchad–MPLT); other rebel factions
Agreements between Government of Chad and Armed Forces of the North (Forces Armees du Nord–FAN)
22 January 1978
Lagos Accord on National Reconciliation in Chad
21 August 1979
See Tom Lansford (ed.) Political Handbook of the World 2018-2019 284;
The Agreement of January 1978 between the Government and FAN provided for a Government of National Unity and the establishment of a constituent assembly.
The Ceasefire Agreement and Reconciliation Charter of August 1978 provided for a Government of National Unity headed by General Habre as prime minister. The Superior Military Council (CSM) was dissolved and replaced by the Defence and Security Council, in which the CSM members and the members of Habre’s FAN shared equal portions of the seats. Arabic became an official language.
The Kano Accord provided for the dissolution of existing institutions and the creation of a National Transitional Union Government. It further provided for a general amnesty for political prisoners and the release of hostages. It provided for the demilitarisation of the capital N’Djamena to a 100-kilometre radius.
The Lagos Accord established a Transition Government of National Unity (GUNT) constituting 12 northerners and 10 southerners to be in place for 18 months, following which elections were to take place. It also provided for an Organisation of African Unity peacekeeping mission to monitor the ceasefire agreement and the demilitarisation of N’Djamena.
By 1986, many of the rebel groups reached accords with the Government and were integrated into the Chadian Army.