CSVR | CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF VIOLENCE AND RECONCILIATION
Peace Agreements

National Dialogue between the Government of Gabon and the Opposition HCR

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Gabon

Parties:Parliamentary majority/Government of Gabon; the opposition, Haut Conseil de la Résistance (HCR)

Type: Intra-state

Accords de Paris (Paris Agreements)

27 September 1994

The Paris Agreements are the outcome of a democratic dialogue between the majority and opposition in the Gabonese Parliament, following on contestations and social tensions resulting from the elections. The Parties agree to organise transparent elections, following the revision of the Electoral Code and the establishment of a National Electoral Commission. In relation to upholding the rule of law, the Parties agree to guarantee the independence and efficiency of constitutional institutions, restore the authority of the republican state, recognise political parties while discouraging clan-based parties, finance the campaigns and functioning of political parties, adopt a law on former Presidents and reform the state media into independent public services and review media laws. Furthermore, the Parties agree to define the missions of different security forces, to transform the presidential and national guard, to reattach the police and immigration departments to the Ministry of Interior and to create a National Democratic Council as a consultative organ. They further agree to revise the Code on Nationality, address the damages suffered during protests from 1990 to 1993, adopt a law on decentralisation and reorganise control of the State. Through signing the Agreement, the parties also agree to establish a Government of Democracy. Each of these points are elaborated in annexes, which also establish various commissions to implement the reforms.


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