Accord préliminaire à l’élection présidentielle et aux pourparlers inclusifs de paix au Mali (Accord préliminaire de Ouagadougou) (1: Ouagadougou Preliminary Agreement)
18 June 2013
The Parties to the Ouagadougou Preliminary Agreement expressed their determination to find a just and sustainable political solution to the crisis in the North of Mali through dialogue and negotiation and to ensure equitable and equal socio-economic development in all regions of Mali, respectful of diversity. The Parties agreed to undertake the dialogue in two phases, before and after the presidential election. The Parties agreed to create conditions for elections to take place in the North of Mali, including in Kidal, through the cessation of hostilities and the establishment of a Mixed Technical Commission on Security to oversee the ceasefire. The Parties agreed to the redeployment of administrative and social services in the North, to facilitate the return of displaced persons and refugees and to respect fundamental liberties. The Parties agreed to take all necessary measures to reinforce confidence and national cohesion.
The Parties agreed to establish a Commission of Inquiry into war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, sexual violence, drug trafficking and other grave violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. In order to sensitise communities about the content of the Agreement, the Parties agreed to facilitate a community forum in the North of the country. The Parties agreed that 60 days after the president’s swearing in, peace talks would commence with all northern communities to establish a global and definitive peace. The inclusive dialogue would consider questions related to the administrative and institutional organisation of Mali, a strategy for integrated development, the reorganisation of the armed forces including DDR of armed groups, the improvement of governance, return of refugees and IDPs, protection and promotion of human rights, and justice and reconciliation.
The Parties to the Declaration of Membership took note of the signing of a Preliminary Agreement on the presidential election and inclusive peace talks in Mali by the government of Mali on the one hand and HCUA and MNLA on the other. They became stakeholders of the Preliminary Agreement and undertook to implement it. In this regard, the Parties expressed respect for the integrity of the territory, national unity and republican values and agreed to promote an inclusive dialogue on the Malian crisis.