Peace Agreements

Peace Agreements between the Government of Liberia, LURD, MODEL and Political Parties

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Parties: Government of the Republic of Liberia; Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURF); the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL); political parties

Type: Intra-state

Agreement on Ceasefire and Cessation of Hostilities between the Government of the Republic of Liberia and Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia

17 June 2003

Peace Agreement between the Government of Liberia, the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD), the Movement of Democracy in Liberia (MODEL) and the Political Parties

18 August 2003

In the June 2003 ceasefire Agreement, the Parties agreed to provide security guarantees for safe and unhindered access by humanitarian agencies to vulnerable groups, free movement of persons and goods, as well as for the return and resettlement of refugees and IDPs. The Parties further agreed on engagement of the Government, LURD and MODEL with all other Liberian political parties and stakeholders in dialogue, to seek, within a period of 30 days, a comprehensive peace agreement, including on DDR, security sector reform, human rights issues and reconciliation, socio-economic reforms, reconstruction and rehabilitation, creation of democratic space, elections and formation of a transitional government.

The Parties to the August 2003 Agreement agreed to a ceasefire and the deployment of an International Stabilisation Force (ISF) with the mandate to support the transitional government, inter alia through humanitarian assistance and protection of displaced persons, refugees, returnees and other affected persons. The Parties further committed themselves to a national process of cantonment, DDR and reintegration. All combatants would proceed to reintegration activities or training for entry into the restructured Liberian armed forces or into civilian life. The Parties agreed to establish an interdisciplinary and interdepartmental National Commission for Disarmament, Demobilisation, Rehabilitation and Reintegration (NCDDRR). In relation to security sector reform, the Parties agreed that all irregular forces would be disbanded and the armed forces restructured and drawn from the ranks of the present Government forces, LURD and MODEL, as well as from civilians with appropriate background and experience, also taking account of national balance. There would be immediate restructuring of the National Police Force, the Immigration Force, Special Security Service and custom security guards.

The Parties agreed that all political prisoners and prisoners of war would be released immediately and unconditionally. The Parties agreed to respect and the protection of civil and political rights and to the establishment of an Independent National Commission on Human Rights, which in addition to monitoring human rights compliance would promote human rights education. The Parties further agreed to establish a Truth and Reconciliation Commission for purposes of obtaining a shared picture of the past and to address impunity. The Commission would also deal with the root causes of the conflict, including human rights violations, and make recommendations for rehabilitation of victims. The Parties further established a Governance Reform Commission with the mandate inter alia to develop public sector reforms, ensure transparency and accountability in government and ensure a national and regional balance in appointments. The Parties also established a Contract and Monopolies Commission to ensure transparency in tender allocation.

The Parties agreed on the need for electoral reform, the reconstitution of the National Elections Commission and re-demarcation of constituencies. The Parties agreed to establish a Transitional Government, for a period of three years and a National Transitional Legislative Assembly. LURD and MODEL and all irregular forces would cease to exist as military forces and could become political parties. The Agreement provided for post-conflict rehabilitation and reconstruction, including in developing a plan for the voluntary return of refugees and IDPs, and the rehabilitation of vulnerable groups including war victims and child combatants. The Transitional Government would give consideration to a recommendation for general amnesty to all persons and parties engaged or involved in military activities during the Liberian civil conflict.