The Dar-es-Salaam Agreement provides for the creation of a Commission of Experts to rewrite the history of Burundi, in consultation with all components of Burundian society. It provides that a highly representative truth commission would be established in legislation and would be called the Truth, Forgiveness and Reconciliation Commission, with the aim to establish the facts and identify responsibility, towards forgiveness and reconciliation. The Agreement provides for provisional amnesty to members of Palipehutu–FNL and release of political prisoners. It requires the preparation of an environment favourable to repatriation of refugees. In terms of security sector, the Defence and Security Forces oversight mechanism would be strengthened and modernisation and reform of the Security Forces would be subject to national dialogue.
The Comprehensive Ceasefire agreement reiterated the provisions on the security sector of the Dar-es-Salaam Agreement and adds that in order to ensure accountability, the defence and security forces would receive “bridging training to harmonise ethics, standardise skills, techniques, procedures and regulations”.