CSVR | CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF VIOLENCE AND RECONCILIATION
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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has a history of unaddressed mass atrocities. In the 16th and 17th centuries the British, Dutch, and Portuguese built a slave trade in the DRC. Political turmoil kicked off by a mutiny by the Congolese following their independence from Belgium in 1960 led to a coup in 1965,...
Mozambique experienced protracted conflict during its fight for independence from Portugal, which occurred in 1975. This was soon followed by a civil war that lasted from 1976 to 1992. The primary combatants were the Liberation Front of Mozambique (Frelimo) and the Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo), both of which committed serious human rights abuses during the...
Since achieving its independence from Britain on 9 October 1962, Uganda has had a tempestuous political history marked by civil wars, dictatorship, electoral authoritarianism, ethnic tension and military incursion. Arguably, it was the British colonial administration that provided fertile ground for political instability in Uganda through its divide and rule policy, a weak state apparatus...