CSVR | CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF VIOLENCE AND RECONCILIATION

Author : Lesego Sekhu

In the context of competition over scarce resources, ethnic tensions and armed conflict, Somalia has been consumed by violence and gross human rights violations for the last five decades. On 1 July 1960, following a merger between the British Somaliland protectorate and the Italian Trust Territory of Somalia, Somalia was created in the Horn of...

Author : Sinqobile Makhathini

Following centuries of occupation and colonisation by the Portuguese, Mozambique gained its independence in 1975. It became the People’s Republic of Mozambique after a decade of armed struggle led by the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique, or FRELIMO) rebel group, commanded by Eduardo Mondlane. Upon independence, FRELIMO set up...

Author : Sinqobile Makhathini

After years of British colonialism and later white minority rule, the liberation movements in Rhodesia achieved black majority rule with the signing of the Lancaster House Settlement in 1979. In March 1980, the country held its first democratic elections, resulting in Robert Mugabe, of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) political party, becoming the...
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