African countries have a wealth of experience in implementing truth commissions and adapting them to their national contexts, spanning several decades. As noted in the 2019 African Union Transitional Justice Policy, truth commissions are an indicative element of transitional justice. They are “legal bodies established to examine and address violations and abuses. They also serve to establish a full historical record of such violations, including the various experiences of different groups such as women, children and youth, the identity of the victims and perpetrators, as well as the role of various State and non-State institutions, and to provide for measures of reconciliation and healing.”

For each truth commission, when available, this database includes the commission’s mandate, method and year of establishment, period active and final report. It also includes the conflict period as defined in the mandate and the peace agreement that gave rise to the commission. The database was updated in 2023.



Truth and Reconciliation Commission

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Liberia (2005-2009) was tasked with investigating whether the gross human rights violations and international human rights violations that occurred from January 1979 to October 2003 were isolated incidents or part of a larger, systemic issue. The commission’s mandate was to provide a forum for all parties to share their experiences and further investigate the disclosed incidents. It was also charged with critically reviewing the history of Liberia to rectify false information and misconceptions, particularly regarding socioeconomic and political developments. The mandate specifically included an objective to address vulnerable groups, including women and children, and how they had been impacted by the violence. The commission was tasked with producing a comprehensive report of its findings in order to promote healing and reconciliation, which it presented in 2009.

Established Conflict Period
Mandate Final Report Peace Agreement
2005, by legislation 1989-2003 Act to Establish the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Liberia of 2005 2009 Final Report Vol. 1; Vol. 2; Vol. 3-I; Vol. 3-II; Vol. 3-III; Vol. 3-IV; Vol. 3-V; Vol. 3-VI; Vol. 3-VII; Vol. 3-VIII; Vol. 3-XII
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