African countries have a wealth of experience in implementing truth commissions and adapting them to their national contexts, spanning several decades. As noted in the 2019 African Union Transitional Justice Policy, truth commissions are an indicative element of transitional justice. They are “legal bodies established to examine and address violations and abuses. They also serve to establish a full historical record of such violations, including the various experiences of different groups such as women, children and youth, the identity of the victims and perpetrators, as well as the role of various State and non-State institutions, and to provide for measures of reconciliation and healing.”
For each truth commission, when available, this database includes the commission’s mandate, method and year of establishment, period active and final report. It also includes the conflict period as defined in the mandate and the peace agreement that gave rise to the commission. The database was updated in 2021.
National Reconciliation Commission
Ghana’s National Reconciliation Commission (2002-2004) was mandated to investigate violations and abuses of human rights during the periods of what was termed ‘unconstitutional government’ from 1966 to 1969, 1972 to 1979, and 1981 to 1993. According to its founding legislation, the objectives and functions of the commission included establishing an accurate, complete and historical record of human rights abuses inflicted on persons by public institutions and holders of public office during the specified periods; investigating the context, causes and circumstances of such violations; identifying the actors responsible or involved; identifying victims of violations and abuses; educating the public and giving sufficient publicity to its work to encourage positive public contributions in achieving the commission’s major objective to promote national reconciliation among the people of Ghana; and submitting a report to the president on the commission’s findings and recommendations for redress, reform and measures to prevent the repetition of violations and abuses.
||Mandate||Final Report||Peace Agreement|
|2002, by legislation||1966-2002||National Reconciliation Act No. 611 of 2002||2004 Final Report||–|