African countries have a wealth of experience in implementing truth commissions and adapting them to their national contexts, spanning several decades. As noted in the 2019 African Union Transitional Justice Policy, truth commissions are an indicative element of transitional justice. They are “legal bodies established to examine and address violations and abuses. They also serve to establish a full historical record of such violations, including the various experiences of different groups such as women, children and youth, the identity of the victims and perpetrators, as well as the role of various State and non-State institutions, and to provide for measures of reconciliation and healing.”
For each truth commission, when available, this database includes the commission’s mandate, method and year of establishment, period active and final report. It also includes the conflict period as defined in the mandate and the peace agreement that gave rise to the commission. The database was updated in 2021.
The Reconciliation Commission’s mandate states the necessity of the commission being established as an independent institution to inquire into and disclose the truth of the sources, causes and extent of conflicts in Ethiopia, and of it taking appropriate measures and providing recommendations for the lasting peace and prevention of future occurrence of such conflict. With a term of three years, the commission’s powers and duties include making its work accessible and participatory by using technology; organising reconciliation workshops; identifying the basic reasons of disputes and violations of human rights, taking into consideration political, social and economic circumstances and the views of victims and offenders; and the protection of witnesses and whistle-blowers who provide testimonies and evidence to the commission.
||Mandate||Final Report||Peace Agreement|
|2019, by legislative proclamation||–||Reconciliation Commission Establishment Proclamation No. 1102/2018||–||–|