African countries have a wealth of experience in implementing truth commissions and adapting them to their national contexts, spanning several decades. As noted in the 2019 African Union Transitional Justice Policy, truth commissions are an indicative element of transitional justice. They are “legal bodies established to examine and address violations and abuses. They also serve to establish a full historical record of such violations, including the various experiences of different groups such as women, children and youth, the identity of the victims and perpetrators, as well as the role of various State and non-State institutions, and to provide for measures of reconciliation and healing.”
For each truth commission, when available, this database includes the commission’s mandate, method and year of establishment, period active and final report. It also includes the conflict period as defined in the mandate and the peace agreement that gave rise to the commission. The database was updated in 2023.
Egypt’s first Fact-Finding Commission, established in 2012 by then President Mohamed Morsi, was charged with gathering information and evidence about the killing and injury of demonstrators between 25 January 2011 and 30 June 2012, which included reviewing measures taken by the executive and the extent to which it cooperated with judicial authorities.
Egypt’s second Fact-Finding Commission, established by decree by interim President Adly Mansour, was tasked with compiling and documenting information and evidence regarding outbreaks of violence occurring from 30 June 2013, when large-scale protests broke out in opposition to then President Mohamed Morsi, who was ousted in July 2013. The commission was responsible for investigating crimes against citizens; identifying the perpetrators; examining previous investigations and other incidents in which no investigations took place; and providing a framework for protecting witnesses.
||Mandate||Final Report||Peace Agreement|
|2013, by presidential decree||2013||–||–||–|