Covering the period from decolonisation to 2020, this database provides an overview of peace agreements in Africa that contain components related to transitional justice.

As defined by the African Union Transitional Justice Policy (AUTJP), transitional justice encompasses “the various (formal and traditional or non-formal) policy measures and institutional mechanisms that societies, through an inclusive consultative process, adopt in order to overcome past violations, divisions and inequalities and to create conditions for both security and democratic and socio-economic transformation.” This database includes truth-seeking mechanisms, accountability mechanisms following on conflict or crisis periods, and political and institutional reforms. It also includes traditional justice, reparations, socioeconomic measures and recognition and restoration of the human rights of affected and vulnerable communities.

Peace processes are an indicative element of transitional justice. According to the AUTJP, they are “concerned with bringing an end to any ongoing violence and removing the threats of further violence impacting the affected population.” Peace negotiations and agreements ideally incorporate transitional justice considerations from the outset so as to positively influence the resolution of all dimensions of the conflict. This database focuses on peace agreements involving African states and national-level political players. Peace agreements at the subnational level and among non-state actors are not included, nor are agreements that relate only to ceasefires and their implementation or humanitarian aid.


Accord of Nkomati

The Parties agreed that they would resolve differences and disputes that may arise between them and that may or are likely to endanger mutual peace and security or peace and security in the region, by means of negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration or other peaceful means. The Parties would not allow their respective territories, territorial waters or air space to ...

Declaration of Cessation of Military Hostilities

In a Memorandum of Understanding between the Government and RENAMO, the Parties reaffirmed the constitutional, legal and defence and security policy principles, the latter including that the security forces must be non-partisan and loyal to the Constitution and the Republic. The Parties agreed to promote and guarantee the spirit of reconciliation and agreed on the need for an amnesty law ...

Peace Agreements between the Government of Mozambique and RENAMO

The Parties to the Joint Communique agreed to do everything possible to conduct a constructive search for a lasting peace for their country and their people. The Parties agreed to focus on what unites them in order to engage in a dialogue in which they discuss their different points of view. The Parties agreed to find a working basis to ...
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