Covering the period from decolonisation to 2020, this database provides an overview of peace agreements in Africa that contain components related to transitional justice.

As defined by the African Union Transitional Justice Policy (AUTJP), transitional justice encompasses “the various (formal and traditional or non-formal) policy measures and institutional mechanisms that societies, through an inclusive consultative process, adopt in order to overcome past violations, divisions and inequalities and to create conditions for both security and democratic and socio-economic transformation.” This database includes truth-seeking mechanisms, accountability mechanisms following on conflict or crisis periods, and political and institutional reforms. It also includes traditional justice, reparations, socioeconomic measures and recognition and restoration of the human rights of affected and vulnerable communities.

Peace processes are an indicative element of transitional justice. According to the AUTJP, they are “concerned with bringing an end to any ongoing violence and removing the threats of further violence impacting the affected population.” Peace negotiations and agreements ideally incorporate transitional justice considerations from the outset so as to positively influence the resolution of all dimensions of the conflict. This database focuses on peace agreements involving African states and national-level political players. Peace agreements at the subnational level and among non-state actors are not included, nor are agreements that relate only to ceasefires and their implementation or humanitarian aid.

Agreement between Sudan and Eritrea

Agreement between Sudan and Eritrea

The Parties agreed to respect international laws and customs regulating peaceful co-existence and good-neighbourly relations among countries and peoples, and respect the political choices of both countries and peoples, refraining from adopting a policy of exporting ideologies and seeking to impose them. The Parties agreed to refrain from hosting or organising regional or international conferences that aim to adopt policies ...
Democratic republic of congo

Agreement between the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Heads of State Supporting the Peace Process in the Great Lakes

The Parties to the Sirte Agreement affirmed the security and integrity of the political borders of all states and agreed to cease hostilities to pave the way for dialogue and peaceful resolution. The Parties further agreed to deployment of neutral African peacekeeping forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and reaffirmed the need to hold those responsible for the ...
East_Africa map

Peace Agreements between Eritrea and Ethiopia

The Agreement on the Implementation of the OAU Framework provides for the cessation of all attacks and respect for international humanitarian law. The Parties agree to undertake necessary demining activities, restore civilian government and facilitate human rights monitoring. However, grievance resolution mechanisms would be established by the United Nations peacekeeping mission. The investigation into the origins of the conflict would ...
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