Covering the period from decolonisation to 2020, this database provides an overview of peace agreements in Africa that contain components related to transitional justice.

As defined by the African Union Transitional Justice Policy (AUTJP), transitional justice encompasses “the various (formal and traditional or non-formal) policy measures and institutional mechanisms that societies, through an inclusive consultative process, adopt in order to overcome past violations, divisions and inequalities and to create conditions for both security and democratic and socio-economic transformation.” This database includes truth-seeking mechanisms, accountability mechanisms following on conflict or crisis periods, and political and institutional reforms. It also includes traditional justice, reparations, socioeconomic measures and recognition and restoration of the human rights of affected and vulnerable communities.

Peace processes are an indicative element of transitional justice. According to the AUTJP, they are “concerned with bringing an end to any ongoing violence and removing the threats of further violence impacting the affected population.” Peace negotiations and agreements ideally incorporate transitional justice considerations from the outset so as to positively influence the resolution of all dimensions of the conflict. This database focuses on peace agreements involving African states and national-level political players. Peace agreements at the subnational level and among non-state actors are not included, nor are agreements that relate only to ceasefires and their implementation or humanitarian aid.


Ceasefire Agreement between Algeria and France

Chapter 1 of the Agreement deals with the transitional agreements, and provides inter alia for the organisation of elections, public and individual liberties to be restored within the shortest period, persons interned and in detention would be released and amnesty would be proclaimed immediately, refugees and internally displaced persons would be assisted in returning, and economic, social and other measures ...

Platform for a Political and Peaceful Solution to the Algerian Crisis

Under the section on steps to precede negotiation, the Agreement include the reopening of politics and the media, the annulment of the decision to dissolve the FIS and the full restoration of the activities of all political parties. It provides for the lifting of the ban and suspension of newspapers and other print media, the immediate cessation of the practice ...
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